The edematose-fibrosclerotic panniculopathy, popularly known as cellulite, is a disorder that affects the skin and subcutaneous tissues. Is the accumulation of adipose tissue, forming nodules of fat, water and toxins, preferentially localized at the level of the lower body (buttocks, hips, thighs). Can occur in isolation or associated with overweight.
The skin has three layers of fat and cellulite develops in the outer layer, called the hypodermis. It is an alteration of the circulation that leads to increased fat cells, resulting in fatty tissue growth and thickening of the side walls, forming a kind of dimples.
It is estimated that 90% of women suffer from it. The difference between men and women is based on that women are capable of storing more fat because it is organized in vertical chambers, while in the case of men the fat is distributed in small units and diagonal, so that no can accumulate as much fat, which prevents the formation of cellulite (although there are also cases of men who have it).
At certain times of the life of a woman there is more likely to develop cellulite. These are puberty, pregnancy and menopause. There is also a racial bias, as Asian women almost never have it.
By contrast, during breastfeeding is favored disappearance of cellulite, and even prevent its occurrence.
Types of cellulite
Cellulitis can be generalized or be located:
With respect to the generalized cellulite only affects obese women who have an unbalanced diet. At puberty begin to appear the first signs of cellulite, a problem that increases with age until it reaches produce significant aesthetic changes such as dimpling of the abdomen, hips, buttocks and thighs. This type of cellulite usually appears between 16 and 20 years and in some cases up to 35 years.
Cellulite located one of the most complicated, because not only is an aesthetic issue, but also causes internal pains. In fact, in many cases the patient has a sensation of heaviness that is called “restless leg syndrome.” In severe cases, we see significant swelling and the affected person can have difficulty getting around.
Cellulite tends to develop preferentially in the triceps, lower back, abdomen, buttocks, and even arms.
Causes of Cellulite
The causes of this disorder are multifactorial. These may include excessive snuff, alcohol and coffee, poor diet, excess weight and lack of exercise, as triggers for the onset of cellulite.
As for the possible hereditary nature of this disorder can not be said that cellulite has this condition, but it is true that most women who suffer this disease have a family history.
Certain disorders such as having flat feet or a column that has a curve in the lumbar region, may favor the appearance of cellulite. The use of too tight clothing, which hinder the venous return, and physical inactivity can worsen cellulite.
Having an impaired liver or kidney is also a factor to consider, since this disorder favor the accumulation of waste and toxic waste.
The venous insufficiency, varicose veins and other circulatory problems contribute to the local appearance of cellulite by creating a problem in the microcirculation.
Stages of Cellulite
There are different degrees of cellulite, which can be seen easily by pinching the areas where cellulite tends to predominate, as doing so can be seen that the type of injury varies from small irregularities in the skin as dimples, to areas of the skin with a large swelling which also are painful to exert pressure on them. In the worst cases can occur even cramps.
Cellulite begins to be what is called cellulitis edematous, usually localized to the legs. Cellulite is not a painful or associated with flaccidity, characterized by fluid retention and present “orange peel”, which is observed by compressing the skin as the eye can not perceive. This type of cellulite suffer especially adolescent girls.
The soft cellulite common in sedentary people whose physical activity is zero. You can also find in people who were physically active in the past and then the left. Also typically appears in people who have changed their weight in a short time.
This form of cellulitis is more problematic because, in addition to the aforementioned orange peel, there may be other associated symptoms such as dizziness and hypotension, nervousness, insomnia and constant fatigue.
The most severe type of cellulite is hard cellulite, characterized by the presence of a highly fibrous tissue surrounding fat stains of various sizes. Usually painful and is mostly associated with poor diet (low in nutrients) and poorly oxygenated skin.
Treatment and prevention of cellulite
To treat cellulite is important to follow the advice outlined in paragraph prevention. It is very important to have a good diet and exercise.
It should have a healthy diet, low fat, and drinking lots of fluids. The salt should be taken in moderation, as is advisable to avoid the sausages and salted fish, and fruits in the diet and natural seasonings (lemon, garlic, parsley, herbs). In addition, to avoid large indigestion should eat foods that satiate and prove beneficial to the body, such as tomatoes, cabbage, lettuce, oranges and lemons, boiled eggs, peas, green beans, asparagus, mushrooms and mussels.
As for exercise, ideally work areas that are prone to fat accumulation (abdomen, buttocks, triceps).
Beyond these basic measures are a series of treatments that can improve the problem of cellulite on certain types of people and certain types of cellulite, not all work, but either way you mentioned them to know them:
Cellulite creams: they contain substances that are involved in the microcirculation, fat and connective tissue. It is very important to properly apply, massaging up and move to the affected areas.
Coumarin, ruscus, flavonoids and rutin are used in the edematous and soft cellulite. In this type of cellulite is advisable to use these substances draining, as cold gels.
Carnitine, artichoke extract and caffeine are reducing substances. The effect caloric reduction creams are effective in those with large cellulite fat component, and must be avoided in people whose skin has a sagging, those suffering from an edematous cellulite, and also if they have altered the return vein.
Massage: must be applied by professionals, consistently, to get good results, especially in the case of edematous cellulite.
There are also some oral therapies containing formulas similar to those of the creams.
Inside there are several medical treatment options and their costs are mostly high:
- Liposuction: is aimed at eliminating localized cellulite. We performed a preliminary examination of the quality of the skin to prevent future problems as the effect of “corrugated iron” which can occur if the intervention was carried out on skin inflexible. The intervention itself involves inserting a tube into the affected area and breathe deep fat.
- Ultrasonic Liposuction: through high-frequency waves produced by liquefaction of fat cells. After this, are removed with a low pressure suction. It is a better method for areas such as flabby arms, inner thighs and abdomen of older women.
- Endermologie: it is a mechanical massage method of making the “fold, rolled, unrolled.” This technique is mainly applied in localized cellulite and orange peel
- Electrolipolysis: technique for localized cellulite in thinner women. Through four different types of electrical currents, according to frequency and power, is achieved by burning fat, remove toxins, and tone the back muscles of the skin. Are needed in two sessions per week for five weeks.
- Mesotherapy is painless microinjections of medication administered in low doses. Are effective for the localized treatment of cellulite.
- Ozone: Ozone therapy has many beneficial effects not only as a treatment for cellulite. Is oxygenating, energizing, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, regenerative, analgesic, antiinflammatory, and germicide.
Prevention of cellulite
Maintaining healthy habits is more difficult to develop cellulite. These habits are:
- Avoid snuff, coffee, alcohol, refined foods, fried and high in fats, excessive salt intake and the lack of fiber in the diet.
- Drink 2 liters of water.
- Exercise. Running or walking is highly recommended.
- Avoid using clothes that are too tight to the body, shoes with high heels and poor posture.
- Avoid stress.
Be careful with the use of contraceptives, since they increase fluid retention.